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Accept help - don´t give up

Offenders and homeless people, overindebted people, Prostitutes or victims of violence - in short: The care for people in danger by the Diakonie in Bavaria supports people on the margins of society.

Our employees offer various assistances, always related to the individual situation of the person concerned. So for an instance, the railway mission is open to everybody and can be used as a recreation place, but also as a place that actively supports people with problems. Also our other offers for people in danger and their specific target groups have the aim not only to help people in actual emergency situations, but also to provide long-term assistance to find a way back to a good life and the integration back into society.

Drei Fragen an Fachreferentin Heidi Ott zum Thema Wohnungsnotfallhilfe:

Herzogsägmühler Erklärung

Mit der gemeinsamen "Herzogsägmühler Erklärung" fordern der Evangelische Fachverband Wohnungslosen- und Straffälligenhilfe sowie die Diakonie Bayern einheitliche Standards zur Hilfegewährung nach §§ 67 ff SGB XII. Dies betrifft insbesondere Menschen, die von Wohnungs- oder Obdachlosigket betroffen sind und in Bayern unterschiedliche Hilfen bekommen - je nach Bezirk.

Herzogsägmühler Erklärung (download)

Specialist units to prevent homelessness - effectively and efficiently

Dramatic lack of affordable housing in Bavaria


Given the dramatic situation on the housing market in the cheapest housing segment it is increasingly important to keep existing tenencies and fight homelessness.


Specialist units to prevent homelessness are the correct answer to this aim. The association "Protestant Homeless- and Offender aid in Bavaria" (abbr.FEWS) is made up for this reason to prevent homelessness in Bavaria. The association has started an independent scientific study to analyse the effectiveness and efficiency of specialized bodies of the Diakonie Bavaria. The scientific study was commissioned by the Institute for research and evaluation of the Protestant University Nuremberg.

Main tasks of the specialized agencies are providing advice and support of citizens who are threatened by the loss of their home and becoming homeless. The aim is to avoid homelessness, caused by termination of the rental contract or by evictions. Only a cross-linked co-operation of local authorities, housing associations, private landlords, the local court, bailiff, employment center and specialized agency provide the ground-breaking chance to keep  housholds from ending up in emergency shelters. Another focus lies on relocation services to alternative housing. It is of utmost importance, to provide sustainability, to follow up on the achieved aims.



Effectiveness, efficiency and co-operation within the network


The expedient question of the survey focused on the level of effectiveness and efficiency of the work of the specialized agency and their co-operation with other aid offers. These are the key results:

Specialist agencies work very effectively: More than three thirds of clients could be saved from imminent homelessness.

In at least 68% of all cases homelessness could be prevented, either by keeping the existing housing (30%) or by moving into a new apartment (29%), moving to family or friends (6%), or, if necessary, into a social institution (3%). Moving into a shelter or homeless boarding house was only necessary in 3% of the cases, actual homelessness only occurred in 2%. Only considering the cases known at the start of the evaluation (77%, N=240), the proportion of positive outcomes is even at 88%.


Specialist units to prevent homelessness work very efficiently.

1 Euro subsidy for specialist units save up to 3,52 € accomodation costs in a homeless shelter or up tp 9,48 € accomodation costs in a homeless boarding house, assuming a residence period of 12 months. The work of the specialist units also pays out for the landlord: In many cases, the costs for a forced eviction could be avoided (court costs, costs for lawyers, advance payments for bailiffs and transport companies mount up to 4.860 €), as well as the loss of rent (roughly, depending on the situation, up to 4000 €). Landlords have the chance to claim the costs and loss of rent from the debtors, but often they have to pay the costs for renovating the flat or storage of the inventory themselves.


Specialist units reach many different types of household.

40% of the households have children, 24% of the households consist of people with an immigrant background. The success rate in averting homelessness of households with children is higher by about three quarters in comparison to households without children (65,5%).


Local presence matters: Employees of the specialist units visit the households at risk - the counselling is focused on the particularly difficult situation for the clients.

Often people who cannot pay their rent withdraw from the authorities or from any help offers, due to their onerous living situation. To get in touch with those households at risk, employees of the specialist units have to visit them. Only 26% of the initial interviews took place due to those visits. Throughout the consultation process, 44% of the conversations took place outside the premises of the specialized unit.


Activated self-help potential: People seeking advice often pay their liabilities themselves.

310 cases were looked at in the study, 187 of them involved rent debts and the resulting risk of losing accomodation. 51% of the clients with debts could reduce these debts, during the period of the study, with the help of the specialist agency, 20% could even completely redeem their debts. These financial resources mostly came from the clients themselves: 42% of the cases were directly involved, in 16% the social network helped to pay back the rent debts. 32% of the people with rent arrears could settle these arrears mostly by certain paragraphs (SGBII or sometimes SGBXII). 3% took out a loan to settle the rent arrears. With 2%, the arrears could be settled by the use of donations.


Sustainable stabilization of living space: Future rent payments can be backed up on a large scale.

Of the 187 cases in which financial residues played a role, 52% of the future rent payments could be settled at the time of entering the data. The most important aspects that were named helping to pay the rent were paragraphs SGB II or XII - followed by cases in which the person seeking help financially recovered in the meantime.


Specialist units have an extremely helpful moderating role in the case process.

Under experts interviews the respondents said the specialist units to be very helpful: Parties like landlords, social service offices or job centres that issue claims, negative decisions and sanctions are often seen as enemies by the clients. In contrast, the specialist units play a more or less neutral role and can easily build up a realtionship of trust.


Figures from eight specialist units of Diakonie.

The in the study involved specialist units for the prevention of homelessness are responsible for city and district of Rosenheim, district Neu-Ulm, city of Penzberg, district Freising,district Ebersberg, district Ostallgäu and district Weilheim-Schongau. Sponsors of the specialist units are Herzogsägmühle, Diakonie Rosenheim, Diakonie Neu-Ulm and Diakonie Freising.

Das muss sich ändern: Sechs-Punkte-Plan

 1. Fachstellen flächendeckend ausbauen und kostendeckend finanzieren!
Wir brauchen in Bayern in allen Landkreisen Fachstellen zur Vermeidung von Obdachlosigkeit. Diese müssen eine kostendeckende Finanzierung erhalten. Bedenke – jeder eingesetzte Euro zahlt sich drei- bis neunmal zurück!


2. Fachstellen in eine überregionale Finanzierung einbinden!
Für effektive Arbeit und für eine Entlastung der Gemeinden und Städte muss die Finanzierung der Fachstellen durch Kreistagsbeschlüsse über die Kreisumlagen auf Kreisebene delegiert werden. Die ordnungsrechtliche Zuständigkeit im Falle der Unterbringung darf dabei kein Hinderungsgrund sein.


3. Das Richtige tun und freie Träger mit dem Betrieb von Fachstellen beauftragen!
Ein entscheidendes Erfolgsmerkmal ist die aufsuchende Arbeit. Behörden und deren Mitarbeiter können so entlastet werden und für die Verhinderung von Obdachlosigkeit werden die Kräfte der Subsidiarität genutzt.


4. Zur Vernetzung verpflichten!
Fachstellen sind gut und effizient durch ihre Vernetzung mit allen an drohender Obdachlosigkeit beteiligten Akteuren. Dies muss unterstützt werden durch geeignete Maßnahmen zur Steigerung des Bekanntheitsgrades bei Behörden und Gerichten, bei Bürgerinnen und Bürgern sowie bei Vermietern.


5. Das vorhandene Hilfesystem effektiver nutzen!
Schon durch die sachgerechte Anwendung vorhandener rechtlicher Grundlagen lassen sich Obdachlosigkeit und deren Folgekosten oftmals vermeiden. Ein wirksames Hilfesystem kann so zur Wirksamkeit gebracht werden.


6. Das vorhandene oder zu entwickelnde Wohnangebot effizienter nutzen!
Sozialen Wohnungsbau und soziale Wohnraumvermittlung stützen und ausbauen durch enge Kooperationen mit öffentlichen und privaten Vermietern. Einbindung des Fachwissens von Fachstellen und deren einschlägige Verbände.


Fachstelle zur Verhinderung von Obdachlosigkeit Ebersberg
Floßmannstraße 2
85560 Ebersberg
t 08092 23210 - 25

Fachstelle zur Verhinderung von Obdachlosigkeit für den Landkreis Freising
Johannisstraße 6
85354 Freising
t 08161 144857

Fachstelle zur Vermeidung von Obdachlosigkeit im Landkreis Weilheim-Schongau
Sonnenstraße 50
82380 Peißenberg
t 08803 63 90 99 9

Fachstelle zur Vermeidung von Obdachlosigkeit für die Stadt Penzberg
Im Thal 13
82377 Penzberg
t 08856 804 29 99

Fachstelle zur Verhinderung von Obdachlosigkeit für den Landkreis Rosenheim
Innstraße 72
83026 Rosenheim
t 08031 3009 - 1039

Fachstelle zur Verhinderung von Obdachlosigkeit für die Stad tRosenheim
Austraße 34
83022 Rosenheim
t 08031 400 75 90

Ökumenische Präventionsstelle für Wohnraumerhaltung für Stadt Neu-Ulm und
im Landkreis Neu-Ulm
Eckstraße 25
89231 Neu-Ulm
t 0731 704 78 21

Fachstelle zur Vermeidung von Obdachlosigkeit im Landkreis Weilheim-Schongau
Dominikus-Zimmermann-Straße 1
86956 Schongau
t 08861 90 84 70

Fachstelle zur Vermeidung von Obdachlosigkeit im LandkreisWeilheim-Schongau
Herzog-Christoph-Straße 1
82362 Weilheim
t 0881 92 45 20 261

Fachstelle zur Vermeidung von Obdachlosigkeit im Landkreis Ostallgäu
Marktplatz 4
87616 Marktoberdorf
t 08342 89 570 741

Mehr zum Thema?

Das Dossier 1/2015 der Diakonie Bayern zu Wohnungsnot im Freistaat

Your contact

Wirtschaftsberatung/Rahmenverträge, Veranstaltungen
Michael Frank
Diakonisches Werk Bayern e.V.
Postfach 120320
90332 Nürnberg